Dr. Heena Chawla
Ovarian Cysts: Types, Symptoms, Treatment, & More in Hindi
In this video SimpliHealth expert gynecologist Dr. Heena Chawla is talking about Ovarian Cysts and its types, symptoms, treatment and prevention. Also she answered some important questions that people ask more often. Like:
- Why have I been advised to have surgery?
- What are these ovarian cysts?
- Which surgery is needed?
- What type of medicine would have been cured?
What are ovarian cysts?
There are two fallopian tubes surrounding the uterus and they have ovaries on both sides. These are the ovaries, whenever any lump or tale of water gets filled with fluid or material, then they become a cyst. It is a common thing to have this cyst, sometimes it happens that women go to their routine for ultrasound, and because of which it comes to know that they have a cyst in their ovaries. many 80 Percentages diagnosed with ovarian cyst do not require any treatment, those cysts go away on their own. But yes it depends on the type and size of the cyst.
Types of Ovarian Cyst
It all depends on whether any treatment is needed for the cyst or not. Very common question patients often come to the OPD and ask is that there are more ovarian cyst varieties or why do I see it happening to me. Or infertility patients who are taking treatment for getting pregnant, sometimes what happens is that a very small cyst is made in our ovaries, these are called poly ovarian cyst.
This happens due to lifestyle changes like western change, work, eating, and drinking habits have changed. Now we know about the types of ovarian cyst, the first follicular cyst, as now the woman’s period is over. During that time the hormones are upper down, it is near the day of ovulation when the ovary is lying in the follicles and when there is an egg rupture from inside then we call it ovulation then it is exposed if it is not egg rupture then it is not called corpus luteum.
Those who grow up and in simple language call it corpus luteum cyst, no need to take any treatment for this cyst, mostly it dissolves on its own.
The third type of cyst is the polycystic ovary, which we talked about earlier, in which very small cysts are formed. What happens in this, as we talk about it, cysts of very small size like 3 to 4 mm size become cysts. It starts changing a lot in us, the weight starts increasing, hormonal imbalance happens, acne comes out on the face, and the hair on the face. According to our experts for this. We are together with the treatment and we need to talk with the doctor and to some extent, they are also cured by medicine.
Another one that we hear is very common is the chocolate cyst which means endometrial cyst. Why is it called a chocolate cyst? and When the blood accumulates too much and from inside it becomes the color of chocolate. What happens when retrograde flow begins during periods?. Ovulation causes blood to enter the fallopian tubes.
What happens when the retrograde flow starts during periods?
That is, through tubes from inside the uterus this blood starts pouring out, and then it starts accumulating at some places too. If this blood accumulates in the ovary, then we call it an endometrial or ovarian cyst.
The main problem that comes here is that where this blood spills, the skin is sticky. There is a lot of adhesion due to the tubes, due to which the patient has a lot of pain and overflow during the period and sometimes it is difficult to conceive, due to which there are many adhesions due to which the patient has a lot of time in the period.
It is very important to seek treatment for endometriosis because there should be pain in periods or irregularities then it is causing infertility. Then you should consult your doctor for this. You have definitely needed treatment for endometriosis, even if it is claimed. Then if it is more then your doctor may ask you to have surgery for it.
Another thing to know is the cyst that we can have is a dermoid cyst and what happens like hair or fat or any cartilage or bone deposits inside this cyst. Some special differences from what we claim in a dermoid cyst.
It doesn’t matter, the most important thing is that the torizon means it moves from its place hence Dermoid cyst requires surgery
Ovarian Cysts Symptoms
Some may have swelling in the abdominal area, so some may have difficulty passing urine and there may also be swelling (swelling). Periods can also be irregular and these are some of the symptoms that can be seen in ovarian cysts.
Ovarian Cysts Diagnosis
For diagnosis, experts first do an ultrasound. If the doctor has any doubts during the ultrasound. If the doctor suspects something then we can go for a higher examination like MRI or CT scan can be done in this case.
What happens if we put medicines for this but it can happen for some cyst problems?
The medicines are not effective. It can give you pain or it can be bigger or it could be a dermoid or endometriosis cyst, then the doctor may advise you to go for the operation. Only 5 to 10% of patients require surgery. Now if we talk about surgery, many patients ask,
Ovarian Cysts Surgery
It depends on what type of cyst the patient has and also whether the patient wants to conceive in the future or not. It depends on what type of cyst the patient has and it also depends on whether the patient wants to conceive in the future and our experts preserve the ovary but if it is suspected to be cancer then what do we do when we remove the ovary too. Both the surgeries can be done very easily by laparoscopy. In this, experts make a small 5 cm hole above the navel or above the navel. In this, 2 or 3-5 mm holes are made in the remaining parts of the stomach.
So doctors separate the cyst from the ovary and then we come out through small holes. These laparoscopic procedures are all daycare, a patient can go on the same day and can go home on the second-day maximum. One can resume his normal activities in 5-7 days
If this is done by abdominal cut then you need to rest for a longer period of time. The important thing about this is that it can happen again. It can be recurrent and in some of these, it may happen very often.
The important thing about this is that it can happen again. It can be recurrent and in some of these, it happens very often. 15 to 25% of cysts are only likely to be recurrent. The ovarian cyst in a hundred patients then only fifteen to twenty patients are likely to have this ovarian cyst reoccur. One more thing patients often ask is if cancer will not come in reports and how scared we should be?
Whenever there is any such cyst diagnostic for cancer markers that would suggest that you visit your gynecologist they will make an action plan for you. In addition, we do a test called a tumor marker to determine what type of cyst it is. At this stage decide whether you want pregnancy or not and what is the size of the cyst. In this step decide whether you want or don’t want pregnancy.
What is the size of the cyst and what are your symptoms?
Further, it depends on the biopsy report what kind of surgery we need. Most of the time the patient says they have no problems, but the doctor lays out the basics of the ultrasound. The doctor finds something suspicious then some cysts have imaging parameters that make them look more suspicious. So on that basis most of the time doctors recommend surgery. Removal of an ovarian cyst does not impede your chances of getting pregnant or infertile unless the ovary is removed.